Some of the finest wooden boats ever built can be spotted on the lakes of Muskoka, and at boat shows all summer long. Aficionados know many of them by name. But even if you can’t tell a Ditchburn from a Dippie, this handy guide will help you appreciate the artistry.
Wooden boats have been part of Muskoka as long as humans have been here. With 1,600 lakes and many rivers, boats have always been the most practical way to get around. The Chippewa people, and those who were here before them, used birchbark canoes to get around. European settlers followed suit, but soon started building wooden rowboats. By the 20th century they started putting motors in their rowboats, and then things really took off.
Ditchburn was the first big builder in Muskoka. They started out building rowboats in Rosseau, but by the first decade of the century they had a plant at Muskoka Wharf in Gravenhurst, where they produced everything from world-class raceboats to yachts more than 70 feet long.
Other notable names in Muskoka include Greavette, and Minett (later Minett-Shields). But there were also a dozen or more smaller builders, some of them just one- or two-man shops that turned out a boat a year. Because these builders copied tricks from each other, telling one maker from another can be tricky: when it comes to restored boats, particularly those that have been rebuilt from little more than scraps of wood left lying in a barn or found in the woods, even the experts can be puzzled.
The heyday of wooden boat building was from the 1920 to the 1950s. The last of the big builders, Greavette, lasted until the 1980s. These days there are still quite a few shops around Muskoka that mainly restore and repair boats, but they will build you a new boat if you want to commission one. And there are a handful of American and European builders who still produce wooden boats on a regular basis.
Here are some of the boat types you’ll spot on the water this summer. Bear in mind that these terms can be a bit vague in definition, though, and one person’s runabout is another person’s utility launch.
Long deck launches
As the name implies, these are long, thin and elegant. White painted hulls were common on the earliest ones, built before WW1, before stained and varnished mahogany became more fashionable. Some have one or two rows of seats behind the driver; others have a separate seating area at the bow of the boat, in front of the engine. Most date from the 1920s, and are 28 to 38 feet long.
If you can picture the boat being driven by a liveried chauffeur, taking the family to a picnic, you’re probably looking at a long deck launch.
These were designed to be driven by the owner, with an emphasis on fun and speed. The cockpit is more likely to be seen at the front of the boat, with passengers riding behind the driver. Some just have a single cockpit with seating for two. (These smaller ones are sometimes called Gentleman’s Runabouts.)
In the 1930s and 40s, there was quite an active racing scene in Muskoka. Amateur owners would gather to see whose boat was fastest, and whose nerves were strongest, as they raced their runabouts across the lakes.
The name implies a lack of grace, something the cook would use to run into town for supplies. That’s what they were originally built for, but there are some absolutely lovely utility boats on the lakes.
Typically these boats have a large open area amidships, with a wooden cabinet in the middle that contains the engine. The cockpit may be separate, or may be connected by a wooden “pass-through” passageway. This arrangement meant the utility boat could be used to haul goods to water-access cottages, or carry a load of passengers.
There’s no mistaking a Dippie for anything else. If you see a slow-moving boat that looks like a rowboat with two people seated side-by-side in the middle, you’re looking at a Dippie.
Also known as Dispros, they were invented in Muskoka and built by the Disappearing Propeller Boat Company. The engines are often finicky and the boats are slow, but their fans love them. Dispros got their name from a unique system that lets the propeller vanish inside the hull of the boat while the engine is running, allowing them to travel over rocks or submerged logs without damage.
Another unique boat, these were built by Greavette. Incredibly curvaceous, they required amazing skill on the part of the woodworkers who had to steam and shape each plank by hand.
Lovely to look at, they also tend to offer a somewhat wet ride as waves can just roll up the side and onto the passengers!
You can see examples of all these, and plenty more, at the Antique and Classic Boat Society show, which takes place at Muskoka Wharf in Gravenhurst on July 7.